HPV can infect both males and females. Although there are more than 40 genital types of HPV, 12 high-risk types of HPV cause the majority of HPV-related cancers and diseases.
For most, HPV clears on its own. But, for others who don't clear certain types, HPV could cause cervical, vaginal, and vulvar cancers in females and anal cancer in both males and females. Other types could cause genital warts in both males and females. And there's no way to predict who will or won't clear the virus.
*Not all cases of vaginal, vulvar, and anal cancers are caused by HPV. Approximately 70% to 75% of vaginal cancer cases, 30% of vulvar cancer cases, and 85% to 90% of anal cancer cases are HPV related.